Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, Country in Central Asia | Medical studies in Kyrgyzstan | Osh | Bishkek

Kyrgyzstan is a rugged Central Asian country along the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean. The Tian Shan mountains, which surround the old caravan route and dominate the country, are home to snow leopards, lynx, and sheep. In the south, the millennia-old city of Osh has a huge, busy bazaar that was once a stop on the Silk Road. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city are Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions administered by appointed governors. The capital, Bishkek, and the second largest city Osh are administratively independent cities with a status equal to a region.

Osh Bishkek Batken Province Osh Province Jalal-Abad Province Naryn Province Talas Province Chuy Province Issyk Kul Province

A clickable map of Kyrgyzstan exhibiting its provinces.

The regions and independent cities are as follows:

  1. City of Bishkek
  2. Batken
  3. Chuy
  4. Jalal-Abad
  5. Naryn
  6. Osh
  7. Talas
  8. Issyk-Kul
  9. City of Osh
Among the countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan is the third most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, such as changes in weather patterns that could lead to prolonged periods of precipitation and drought. Their average temperature has increased from 4.8 °C to 6 °C so far within the last 20 years.